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Best Mountaineering Boots Reviewed & Rated

last updated Apr 23, 2019

In mountaineering, one of the original extreme sports, summiting sometimes seems like everything. But you know better. Maybe you’re climbing a ‘small’ local mount over a day or two, maybe you’ve spent the last year planning your approach to K2, or maybe it’s something in between – Rainier to Denali or Logan. You’ve spent months or years planning every detail. You are ready to go but you still need a pair of boots! What to do?

We have researched 10 of the best mountaineering boots available whether you’re headed for the Coast Mountains or Sierra Nevadas or you’re headed deep into the Himalayas, you will find a pair here that will suit your trek and help you reach the summit safely.

In a Hurry? The test winner after 106 hrs of research

icon
Scarpa Phantom 6000 Guide
90/100 our score
Comfort
90
Fit
90
Features
90
Terrain
90
Value
90
Scarpa Phantom 6000 Guide
Why is it better?
  • Vibram Sole
  • ErgoFit System
  • Heel Lock Randing
  • Waterproof T-Zip
  • Integrated Gaiter
  • Quick Lace System
  • Universal Crampon Compatibility
In a Hurry? Editors choice:
Scarpa Phantom 6000 Guide
Test Winner: Scarpa Phantom 6000 Guide
Amazon Link
Researched Sources
21
Researched Sources
Reviews Considered
15,100
Reviews Considered
Hours Researching
106
Hours Researching
Products Evaluated
20
Products Evaluated
Last Updated:
Ana Rockov
By Ana Rockov:

The latest update to this article focuses on giving you the most important information you need to keep in mind in order to make a purchase you will be happy with for a long time. With models suited for various mountaineering activities, including budget options, you shouldn’t have a hard time finding the perfect boot.

Sorting Options
Comfort Fit Features Terrain Value By Default
Rank
PictureProduct
Name
Rating
Shops
#1
The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
90
Comfort
90%
Fit
90%
Features
90%
Terrain
90%
Value
90%
Price Comparison Last Updated (24.05.19)
Backcountry Link
$712.46
See Deal
Amazon Link
$849.00
#2
The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
88
Comfort
90%
Fit
90%
Features
90%
Terrain
90%
Value
80%
Price Comparison Last Updated (24.05.19)
Backcountry Link
$562.50
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Amazon Link
$750.00
#3
The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
86.8
Comfort
86%
Fit
89%
Features
88%
Terrain
88%
Value
83%
Price Comparison Last Updated (24.05.19)
Amazon Link
$249.00
#4
The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
84
Comfort
90%
Fit
90%
Features
80%
Terrain
80%
Value
80%
Price Comparison Last Updated (24.05.19)
Amazon Link
$299.00
Backcountry Link
$299.95
See Deal
#5
The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
82
Comfort
90%
Fit
80%
Features
80%
Terrain
80%
Value
80%
Price Comparison Last Updated (24.05.19)
Amazon Link
$306.00
Backcountry Link
$382.50
See Deal
#6
The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
80
Comfort
80%
Fit
80%
Features
80%
Terrain
80%
Value
80%
Price Comparison Last Updated (24.05.19)
Backcountry Link
$288.71
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Amazon Link
$319.94
#7
The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
78
Comfort
80%
Fit
80%
Features
80%
Terrain
80%
Value
70%
Price Comparison Last Updated (24.05.19)
Backcountry Link
$228.75
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Amazon Link
$305.00
#8
The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
75
Comfort
75%
Fit
75%
Features
75%
Terrain
75%
Value
75%
Price Comparison Last Updated (24.05.19)
Backcountry Link
$374.21
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Amazon Link
$479.95
#9
The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
72
Comfort
75%
Fit
75%
Features
70%
Terrain
70%
Value
70%
Price Comparison Last Updated (24.05.19)
Backcountry Link
$749.25
See Deal
Amazon Link
$990.00
#10
The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
70
Comfort
70%
Fit
70%
Features
70%
Terrain
70%
Value
70%
Price Comparison Last Updated (24.05.19)
Backcountry Link
$562.50
See Deal
Amazon Link
$750.00
In Depth Review Top 10
  • Scarpa Phantom 6000 Guide Scarpa Phantom 6000 Guide
  • La Sportiva Spantik La Sportiva Spantik
  • Mammut Kento High GTX Mammut Kento High GTX
  • Salewa Rapace GTX Salewa Rapace GTX
  • La Sportiva Nepal La Sportiva Nepal
  • Asolo Elbrus GV Asolo Elbrus GV
  • La Sportiva Makalu La Sportiva Makalu
  • Scarpa Grand Dru GTX Scarpa Grand Dru GTX
  • La Sportiva Olympus Mons La Sportiva Olympus Mons
  • Arc’teryx Acrux AR Arc’teryx Acrux AR
Table of contents
  • Criteria Used for Evaluation
  • Other Factors to Consider
  • Frequently Asked Questions
  • Sources

Top 10 Mountaineering Boots

1. Scarpa Phantom 6000 Guide

The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
90
Scarpa Phantom 6000 Guide
Amazon Link
Comfort
90
Fit
90
Features
90
Terrain
90
Value
90
best offer for today
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Amazon Link
$849.00
Backcountry Link
$712.46
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Pros:
  • Vibram Sole
  • ErgoFit System
  • Heel Lock Randing
  • Waterproof T-Zip
  • Integrated Gaiter
  • Quick Lace System
  • Universal Crampon Compatibility
Cons:
  • Over 5 pounds

This a great lower altitude (below 6000m) mountaineering boot. (think Mt. Rainier, Mt. Logan, Mt. Kilimanjaro). It features a quick-lace system and a waterproof T-Zip integrated gaiter for one less piece of equipment to worry about. Bright, comfortable and high-performance for lower altitude alpine adventure.

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The ErgoFit System in this Scarpa boot allows for omnidirectional flexing. You get the natural motion and great support at the same time, while the rear randing locks your heel in place for climbing performance.

All the rough rocky terrain in the lower alpine elevations will be no match for the Vibram rubber soles and advanced midsoles on the Phantom 6000. This is not a cheap boot by any means. It is near the top of the price list but for its mountain readiness, it is a good value. The boot can take a real beating and still protect your feet, making them well worth the price.

2. La Sportiva Spantik

The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
88
La Sportiva Spantik
Amazon Link
Comfort
90
Fit
90
Features
90
Terrain
90
Value
80
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$750.00
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$562.50
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Pros:
  • Anti-Abrasion
  • Polyurethane Coated
  • Lorica ® Inner Boot
  • Vibram ® Montagna Sole
  • TPU Backstay Reinforced
  • Replacable Inner Boot
  • Universal crampon compatibility
Cons:
  • Narrow Build

The Spantik is designed for mountains in the 6000m - 7000m range (~Mt. Denali) or any other environment with cold weather mountaineering conditions that demand high performance. It is a double boot with a carbon fiber sole that will last. The entire boot is anti-abrasion for the roughest terrain and warm for the coldest. It is lighter and smaller than it’s higher altitude cousin, the Nuptse.

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The dual-density midsole in the Spantik is made from TPU and micropore EVA for shock absorption and cushion. It is covered by a 5mm thermal carbon fiber and aluminum insulating insole.

You could not ask for more in an outer. The outer boot on this mountain beast is polyurethane coated, CeraCom ® PUR leatherette that will resist abrasion in the rocky alpine and icy high-altitudes. This is a very expensive boot but worth every penny given the technology to match the altitude engineering. A trek up Denali has been made easier and warmer with these boots. They will last long enough to make them a good value as well.

3. Mammut Kento High GTX

The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
86.8
Mammut Kento High GTX
Amazon Link
Comfort
86
Fit
89
Features
88
Terrain
88
Value
83
best offer for today
Amazon Link
$249.00
Pros:

Single Layer Nubuck Upper

Gore-Tex Performance Membrane

Michelin® Alpine Lite 3970 Outsole

Memory Foam Insole

Torsion Control

Cons:

Sole Durability

Materials Used

Develops Odors

Designed in Switzerland, the Mammut Kento High GTX is a highly popular model amongst those who need a versatile pair of footwear that does well with a variety of activities including both light treks as well as more challenging mountain tours. It has a slightly lower shaft than most models on this list, but that can be a great thing for those looking for less weight and more mobility. It comes in three color options, brown, blue and orange, and has an affordable price which makes it a popular choice for beginners.

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The upper of the Kento High is made with nubuck leather and a Gore-Tex membrane that work together to prevent moisture from getting inside the boot. The fact that the upper is made with a single piece of material makes these quite easy to maintain, and less likely to leak. The sole wraps up around the shoe for abrasion resistance, making this quite a durable pair of footwear. The 2-zone lacing allows you to adjust the fit to your personal preferences.

On the inside of the shoe, you will benefit from the 3D memory foam insole that perfectly adapts to your foot, supporting the arch and providing a good amount of cushioning. As for the outsole, it uses Michelin® Alpine Lite 3970 rubber for excellent traction on rock, ice and snow, and is also compatible with strap on crampons as well. As for price, this is one of the cheaper models listed, which makes it a great investment for those who only plan on using this type of footwear occasionally.

4. Salewa Rapace GTX

The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
84
Salewa Rapace GTX
Amazon Link
Comfort
90
Fit
90
Features
80
Terrain
80
Value
80
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$299.00
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$299.95
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Pros:

Vibram Sole

Gortex Lined

Bilight Midsole

24 oz Weight

Supportive

Comfort

Cons:

Price

The Salewa Rapace GTX is a gortex waterproof mid boot that weighs in at 24 ounces, and is full of quality technology to get you to the top. Leather uppers are gore-tex lined, and comfort and traction technology are found in the Vibram sole and Bilight midsole. A full 360-degree rubber rand circles the boot, and crampons can easily be added to the midsole if needed. Perfect for alpine climbing trekking and mountaineering, it’s a solid boot to keep you protected and ready for anything.

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Vibram sole bases the Salewa Rapace GTX, so you know you’ll keep grip and traction on any kind of surface with the durability and stickiness Vibram soles are known for. The Bilight midsole consists of TPU injected and ergonomically correct design, which acts to cradle the foot and mimic a spring, helping to reduce foot fatigue over long treks. Adjustable footbeds let you interchange MFF+ footbeds to best suit your foot shape and support your level of ideal comfort.

Nubuck uppers make the Salewa Rapace GTX durable and weatherproof, and the Gore-Tex liner helps maintain breathability for when conditions change. Ankle high lace up vamp helps provide stabilization and support for your trek, and the Rapace GTX is crampon compatible for when you need to dig in deep to hit the summit. And with a weight of only 24 ounces, you get rugged durable footwear that won’t slow you down!

One of the more budget friendly options, the Salewa Rapace GTX is really best suited to alpine trekking where conditions are more mild that summiting Mount Everest. A great entry level boot, it’s crampon compatible with a sticky Vibram sole, and Gore-Tex lining to keep you dry when pushing hard up the mountain. Great for beginner mountaineers and those on a budget.

5. La Sportiva Nepal

The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
82
La Sportiva Nepal
Amazon Link
Comfort
90
Fit
80
Features
80
Terrain
80
Value
80
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$306.00
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$382.50
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Pros:
  • Winter Mixed Climbing
  • Ample Insulation
  • Adjustable Tongue
  • 9mm Ibi-Thermo Insole
  • 8 - 9 mm TPU/PU Midsole
  • Comfort Weight
  • Crampons: C2 Or C3
Cons:
  • ~2.2 lbs Each

The La Sportiva Nepal EVO GTX is a winter, mixed climbing mountaineering boot. This is a double boot that is a winner of Climbing Magazine’s Editor’s Choice award. It really needs no introduction because it is such a popular boot among mountaineers, especially those who have some ice in their way on the way to the summit. To create the best fit Nepal has an adjustable and removable tongue. It’s really no wonder this boot is such a favorite.

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The EZ-Roller hardware on this boot lets you lock down the laces. This lets you achieve different tensions on the forefoot of the boot and the cuff of the boot for superior, secure fit.

Ah, Gore-Tex, best friend in any winter conditions but especially at altitude in the mountains. Your boots will stay warm over long periods and the Gore-Tex also offers additional waterproofing. This is a mid-ranged price boot for our list but still a substantial investment. They will take care of your feet in the mountains though, the rest of the climb is entirely up to you. You’ll appreciate the additional features like the 3.2 mm single piece silicone impregnated leather upper. These boots have great durability which increases the value by giving you longer wear.

6. Asolo Elbrus GV

The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
80
Asolo Elbrus GV
Amazon Link
Comfort
80
Fit
80
Features
80
Terrain
80
Value
80
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$319.94
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$288.71
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Pros:

Schoeller Soft Shell

Vibram Sole

Dual Density Midsole

Dual Integrated System

Lightweight

Semi-Automatic Crampon Compatible

Cons:

Stiff

Asolo is a brand of trekking footwear that has been in the market since 1975, and has a long history of family running the business. Best suited for classical mountaineering and harder trekking, The Asolo Elbrus GV uses a textile Schoeller soft shell and suede to create durable uppers. Vibram sole bases the Elbrus GV, and impact absorption technology can be found with a dual integrated system technology. Crampon compatible with semi-automatic crampons, it makes for a solid entry level boot for mountaineering.

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Vibram soles give a sticky traction to the Asolo Elbrus GV, keeping your grip durable for the long haul, and suited for rougher terrains with lug pattern. This sole also incorporates a Dual Integrated System technology to help maximize impact absorbance. Midsole is a dual-density lasting board of nylon and fiberglass, giving you support and structure when you need it most. Lite 4 footbed provides a cushioned ride for the roundtrip trek to the summit and back.

The Asolo Elbrus GV utilizes suede leather and a Schoeller softshell, making the upper durable and lighter weight. Gore-Tex lining helps keep breathability for changing conditions so your feet can adjust as you do to effort and your environment. Traditional lace up keeps you snuggly inside the boot, and helps stabilize the ankle in this mid length mountaineering boot. A protective toe cap gives some extra protection, and the Elbrus is compatible with semi-automatic crampons should you need them.

Another of the more budget friendly options on our list, it’s great for beginner mountaineers, or those who enjoy trekking hard or easier alpining tours in the snow. Crampon compatible and breathable, they will get you to the top feeling supported and stable, and Vibram sole will have you rock hopping like a pro. A great investment for those starting out!

7. La Sportiva Makalu

The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
78
La Sportiva Makalu
Amazon Link
Comfort
80
Fit
80
Features
80
Terrain
80
Value
70
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$305.00
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$228.75
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Pros:
  • Vibram Rubber Rand
  • EZ Flex Tongue
  • Dry-Best Lining
  • 3mm Idro-Perwanger Leather
  • SBR Aircushion Midsole
  • Thick Insole
  • Crampons: C1
Cons:
  • Fits Wide

The third lower altitude, heavy duty, mountaineering boot, on our list, this is a very water repellent boot that still breathes, leaving your foot cool and dry. These boots feature a very thick cushioning insole over a rigid shaft to provide stability over rough terrain. The boot is durable and will last well even after taking one solid beating after another. This is another great boot for hauling heavy loads or for the approach.

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The boot features rollerball hardware in the eyelets along with locking D-rings that allow you to precisely and effortlessly tension your boot laces for a great fit on your feet.

The Idro-Perwanger leather upper is extremely durable, water-repellent and breathable. This leather can take many years of abuse making it great for its purpose. These boots are at the lower end of the price range but still costly. For the value, you are receiving an excellent heavy-duty mountaineering boot for that rough lower-altitude terrain. You’ll have no troubles approaching in these boots.

8. Scarpa Grand Dru GTX

The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
75
Scarpa Grand Dru GTX
Amazon Link
Comfort
75
Fit
75
Features
75
Terrain
75
Value
75
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$479.95
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$374.21
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Pros:
  • Excellent Approach Boot
  • Perwanger Suede Upper
  • Versatile
  • Waterproof
  • Stable Midsole For Talus
  • Crampons: C1
Cons:
  • ~ 4 Pounds

The Grand Dru GTX is designed to bridge the gap between a full mountaineering boot and the hiking boot. It is meant for hauling heavy loads across rugged terrain that lacks permanent trails and secure footing. This is the perfect boot for hauling your equipment into a Himalayan base camp without using your high-altitude boots on the approach. A thoughtfully engineered boot for the roughest of terrains.

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The Gore-Tex waterproofing in the upper and lining of this boot will help you deal with any water on the approach you can imagine from wet brush to mud to river crossings. No need to re-dry your shoes when camp is set up because the water won’t get in.

These boots are compatible with hybrid crampons (C1 type) for when you need that extra bit of traction to get your load to camp. These booths are mid-range for prices on our list. For still a significant investment you are getting the best approach & carry boot on the market. When you’re not hauling loads, this boot will also function as a superior backwoods exploration tool.

9. La Sportiva Olympus Mons

The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
72
La Sportiva Olympus Mons
Amazon Link
Comfort
75
Fit
75
Features
70
Terrain
70
Value
70
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$990.00
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Pros:

Kevlar Upper Gaiter

Riri Storm Zipper

Hydrophobic Lining On Insole

PE Thermal Insulation

Thermoreflective Facing

Virbram PE Sole

Cons:
  • More Than 5 lb/pair

Olympus Mons is the tallest mountain on Mars and Everest is a molehill in comparison. With a boot named after such a mountain, it has a lot to live up to. This is a triple-mountaineering boot with an incorporated gaiter. These are a heavy-duty mountaineering boot capable of taking on any mountain you put before it - from Rainier to K2, this boot is made for the high-altitude, big mountain challenge.

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The inner boot on the Olympus Mons has a water repellant and breathable upper that features a polyamide external layer and a dual-density PE micro-perforated, thermally insulating foam that is well ventilated to keep your feet at temperature.

The insole on this boot has a thermo-reflective aluminum layer to keep your feet warm. It also has a perforated hydrophobic non-woven facing to keep your feet dry. This is the most expensive boot on our list but it is also the most engineered. La Sportiva has listened to generations of mountaineers in developing the huge number of comfort, safety and stabilizing features in this boot. It can tackle any earth-bound mountain, more than living up to its impressive name.

10. Arc’teryx Acrux AR

The rating is based on the average rating (1-100) from all the criteria in which we rated this product.
70
Arc’teryx Acrux AR
Amazon Link
Comfort
70
Fit
70
Features
70
Terrain
70
Value
70
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$750.00
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$562.50
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Pros:

Double Boot

Ice and Mountain Climbing

Ortholite Footbed

Heel Brake

Adaptive Fit Technology

Cons:

Price

The Arc’teryx Acrux AR mountaineering boot is last on our list, but it packs a punch in terms of functional use. Made for mountaineering, ice climbing, and all sorts of rugged changing terrain encountered when mountaineering, this boot delivers everything to support the foot of an alpine adventurist. Waterproof, lightweight, and durable, it’s one of the best double boots ever to hit the market. With comfort and support features as well as functional mechanics found throughout the boot, it’s no wonder it makes our top ten list.

Read more

Combining lighter weight with protection and insulation, the Arc’teryx made this double boot capable for handling whatever athletic performance is needed by the alpinist adventurer wearing them. Both suited for climbing and mountaineering, it provides support through a custom 3D molded Ortholite footbed which supports the arch and delivers comfort when wearing. Heel brake ad mountaineering heel tread help with grippy traction, and quick braking action when you need it most. Semi-blocked toe with anti-slip groves make this protective and functional in one brilliant design

Gore-tex membrane helps control the ventilation and climate inside the boot, adapting to changing conditions of an alpine environment, and perforated foam has quick dry properties to help wick away moisture and provide comfort. Arc’teryx Adaptive Fit technology helps give the ultimate in support and cushion, while laminated construction keeps these waterproof.

For a double boot, boasting of technology that supports comfort, stabilization, traction, and climate control, the Arc’teryx Acrux AR is a brilliant option for the advance alpine adventure seeker. Made for all the conditions and challenges a mountaineering expedition would face, it’s lightweight, low volume and waterproof construction will keep insulated comfort to the wearer. More expensive than most on our list, it’s an investment worth the extra cost for serious mountaineering adventurists!

Criteria Used for Evaluation

Comfort

We’re going to spend a lot of time on comfort in our criteria for mountaineering boots. This is because comfort is absolutely vital to your climb, your safety, and the health of your feet, especially when participating in such an extreme sport. Imagine the following scenario and you will understand the importance of comfort.

You hit the trailhead in a new pair of boots that fit just okay, not well. They were a little snug when you tried them on but you figured they would loosen up a little as you walked in them. You also went overboard on the thermal for your needs and your feet are already a little warm. You’ve spent hours with your team hiking from the trailhead to the base of the mountain and now your feet are painful. Your arches are killing you and you have blisters developing on the sides of your toes and on the bottom of your feet.

You take the boots off, remove your socks and try some moleskin for relief but now your feet have swollen and they’re even tighter and warmer when you put them back on. You can barely tolerate lacing them up. You’re in agony and there are two options – try to summit to avoid disappointing your team or walk the five miles back out the trailhead.

Walking in bad boots has already caused your feet a lot of pain and their in bad condition now, walking back out or trying to climb on swollen, unstable, painful feet. Neither is an acceptable option. All of this could have been prevented with the right boots for the climb and the right boots for your feet.

Fit

Mountaineering boots come in all sorts of shapes and sizes – wider, narrower, lace-ups, zip-ups, straps, longer, shorter, high or low or moderate arch profiles. Each part of the boot needs to fit your foot comfortable, without causing any compression, pain, or spots that might rub or irritate. Have your feet measured accurately by a podiatrist if you are uncertain. Read reviews to tell you whether boots run large or small and where pressure points may be located. Most importantly, never start down the trailhead in boots that don’t fit thinking that they’ll ‘break in’ along the way.

Weight is important in mountaineering. We are constantly trying to make each piece of gear as light as possible so we can be efficient in the mountains. Mountaineering boots, whether they are for winter climbing, mixed climbing, ice climbing, are heavier than hiking boots or regular winter boots. You should check the specifications for each boot carefully, noting the weight and purchasing the safest that will suit your needs that are also lighter than other options. The lighter the boot the better but do not sacrifice safety and fit for weight.

The boot needs to be rated for the coldest weather you will encounter on your climb. This might be significantly colder at the summit than at base but cold feet are numb and dangerous feet so err on the side of warmth. While this can be impossible to pin down accurately, studying typical weather conditions for the mountain for the time of year you are climbing will help. Don’t go too far overboard either. If you need a boot to deal with -10C conditions, you won’t need the extra weight or warmth of a -40C boot.

Features

Mountaineering boots can come as single boots our double. Double boots have two layers – one is an insulating inner boot and the second is a water and windproofing outer layer. Double boots are available in plastic, leathers and other materials and are heavier than single boots. If you won’t require a double, go for a single boot for weight and comfort.

Mountaineering boots are stiffer than typical boots for stability. The stiffness is important to the function of the boot. Do not sacrifice stability for flexibility in the high alpine.

Finally, a gaiter is designed to keep snow out of your boots, pants, and socks. Many modern mountaineering boots come with integrated gaiters which can be one less piece of equipment to worry about. Integrated or not, a gaiter is important to your comfort in snowy conditions. A double boot with an integrated gaiter is also known as a triple boot – great for Everest or Denali. Triple boots are great above 8000 m (the dead zone) or very cold conditions like Mt. Everest, Mt. Denali and Cho Oyu. Plastics with a good inner boot are great high-altitude materials that are usually good up to 8000 m but not above. These are good for mountains between Muztagh Ata (6000m) to Elbrus (near 8000m). Hybrids usually have a limit of 6000 – 7000 m and 4 season boots are suitable for mountains like the Moroccan Atlas range and Toubkal.

Terrain

You need boots that perform in the mountains. If they’re comfortable and warm they still will not be much use to you if they don’t do the job they are meant to do – deal with the terrain and conditions and get you to the top of the mountain.

The boots you choose should consider how they will perform based on what you intend to use them for. It is essential that you start there – with identifying your intended use. It may include hiking, ice climbing, mixed climbing, rock climbing and mountaineering in different weather conditions. Different boots will be designed for different types of mountaineering activity and weather. Finding one boot to meet all those demands will be difficult and you may need more than one pair for different parts of the trek or for different day trips into the mountains.

Recreationalists – if you are staying below the tree line and only climbing on warmer days, you can prioritize things other than warmth in your boots.

Technical climbing – Technical climbers will place more of an emphasis on the weight of the boot because that is essential when climbing sheer rock faces or ice faces. They will choose a stiffer boot for ice climbing and a more flexible boot for rock.

Mountaineers – Mountaineers are generally ready for technical climbing and trekking above the tree line so warmth and weight are both important.

Crampons – Too often overlooked is whether or not your trek will require crampons and more importantly, are your boots compatible with crampons. Like boots, there are a variety of crampon types available that suit different boot designs. Be sure they match up. Also choosing a boot with a rigid sole will make your crampons work correctly. A flexible sole and you risk the crampons popping off at a critical time.

Speak to other mountaineers and climbers who are familiar with the mountain you intend to be on for detailed advice on what performance you will need from your boot. This is one area where reading online reviews or even relying on staff in a mountaineering shop, could lead you straight into trouble. Talk to experts in the area and do thorough research to choose the correct boot for the purpose.

Value

You need to be prepared to spend good money on a good pair of mountaineering boots. Depending on the purpose, they can range from a little more than $100 for a good pair of hiking boots for well below the tree line to nearly $1000 for a good pair of double-boots with gaiters that will take you up K2 and back down. The cost of your equipment is typically higher the more technical it is and the more engineering that is put into the equipment. Every aspect of a good mountaineering boot is designed to withstand the conditions, take a serious beat down, and still protect you.

Your safety is no place to scrimp and save. Do not make the mistake believing that a good pair of winter boots with a nice tread will do. The wrong pair of cheap boots or boots unsuitable for the purpose could cost you your life.

Don’t be tempted to think “I have $XXX left to spend on boots so I will get the best pair that I can afford.” Instead, your thinking should be the pair(s) of boots that are best for me for this climb will cost, $XXX and I will wait until I have the money to purchase those.” Don’t rely solely on a shop owner either, who may not completely understand your needs and whose goal it is to sell you a pair of boots.

We do not recommend trading off other equipment to invest in your boots either. Stick to the adventures that you can afford to accomplish safely, with good equipment that you would literally trust with your life. If you need to wait a little longer to save up the funds, then waiting is better than the alternative – losing toes, feet, your mobility, your life.

Luckily many makers of mountaineering boots keep the costs to a minimum themselves because their boots are their flagships – their best advertisers – and they earn their profits off the sales of other boots and equipment. However, it is always worth checking on the reputation and experience of the manufacturer before you buy.

You could also check out the end of lines, sales and discounts, and older models of the boots you need to save some money but again, don’t sacrifice your safety, your team’s safety or anyone’s life for by buying less boot than necessary.

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Beginner Tips

If you're newer to mountaineering, it's best to either gain experience with a group, or instructor, before heading on to higher and more difficult mountain adventures. Temperatures and weather conditions are one of the biggest hazards, and it helps to have an advanced or expert instructor to help you anticipate changes and dangerous scenarios.
Many places offer excursions around some of great alpine regions, and help you understand what equipment you'll need to complete the adventure. Check online around your area for classes or trips!

Snow Versus Dry Climates

When we think of mountaineering, most times, high peaks come to mind with snow capped sumits. However, this isn't always the case, as mountaineering also can be done on high peaks without snow or ice obstacles. Believe it or not, climbing and bouldering are also considered mountaineering.
When you're selecting your next pair of boots, consider where you're most likely to use them, in the snow and ice, or on dry or wet rock.

Other Factors to Consider

Bottom Line

Purchasing a pair of mountaineering boots can seem like an intimidating task, considering that you are very unlikely to have the chance to test them out before they are required to perform in tough, often wet conditions. This type of footwear needs to be protective before everything else, but comfortability is just as important. There are a few important criteria that you will want to pay close attention to, and they are listed above. Nonetheless, the checklist below can be a good guide for your next shopping spree:

  • Material: Look for high quality materials used all over. Because you will be expected to traverse on rough terrain in extreme conditions, you really only want the best.
  • Protection: Make sure you are purchasing fully waterproof footwear, but don’t forget about other types of protection which include abrasion resistance, slip resistance, arch support, insulation and torsion control. All of these will greatly influence your overall experience.
  • Flexibility: Most boots of this type will need to combine stiffness and flexibility in order to both protect you from losing your footing, while still allowing you to walk comfortably. Try on more than just one model, choosing the one that feels best for you.
  • Outsole: Look for outsoles that are made with rubber types developed for icy and snowy conditions.
  • Crampon Compatibility: If you plan on wearing crampons, you need to try them on before taking your boots on a mountain. This is crucial for ensuring your safety.
  • Comfort: You need to feel good enough wearing this footwear seeing that you will be spending numerous hours walking on challenging terrain. Cushioning and support are crucial, but you should forget about odor and moisture control either.
  • Use: Mountain activities are very different, so it’s extremely important you’ve chosen the right pair of footwear. Make sure you know the exact features you need before spending your money and finding out that your shoes don’t really do a good job for what you had in mind.
  • Value: The boots listed above can get quite expensive. This is why it is crucial that you get the perfect fit, and the features you require. It’s not a bad idea to try on several models at a brick and mortar store before ordering online, to make sure you’ve got exactly what you need.
  • Frequently Asked Questions

    q: Is there one mountaineering boot that will do it all?

    a:

    No, sorry. Different types of mountaineering boots are designed for different mountain terrains and conditions. Ice climbing boots are very rigid to accept C3 crampons, rock climbing boots are more flexible to provide great grip, alpine boots are great for short climbs in lower mountains and expedition boots are designed for higher elevations and much colder temperatures. There are also boots designed for summer climbing and others for winter. An “all-rounder” is also limited and designed for shorter periods in the mountains that involve only minimal technical climbing. You will need to invest the time in determining what you need and finding the boot to match.

    q: Come on now. Hillary climbed Everest with a pair of low-tech leather mountaineering boots.

    a:

    Sure. We haven’t always had it as good as we have it now. Hillary and Tengay had a minimal amount of less-engineered equipment and they made it. But many died before them trying and even after the first summit of Everest, more climbers died and still more lost toes and feet as well. These accidents and injuries are becoming less frequent with better equipment. Better equipment is also allowing more people to achieve their goals of summiting and then returning safely.

    q: What do B0, B1, B2 and B3 grading mean for mountaineering boots?

    a:

    These gradings tell you whether or not and what type of crampon a boot will be compatible with. B0 foots are too flexible for use with crampons and will actually pose dangers if you attempt to use crampons with them. B1 matches C1 crampons, B2 matches C1 or C2 crampons and B3 matches C3 crampons. B1 and C1 are for moderate snow and ice. B2 and C2 are a little stiffer and meant for moderate snow and ice as well – the difference is a clip lever on the C2 crampon. B3 and C3 are for technical climbing (any climbing that will make sustained use of the front part of the crampon). B1 and B2 boots can be comfortable for approaches but B3s are more rigid and uncomfortable over long approaches. For example, the Scarpa Mont Blanc GTX boot is a B2 graded boot that will fit C1 and C2 crampons. You can see the ledges in the photograph above. The Scarpa Charmoz is a B1 graded boot that will fit C1 crampons.

    q: Why are so many boots rated in meters and in degrees Celsius?

    a:

    Mountaineering boots began their life in places like Italy, where the metric system and centigrade systems for temperature are used. These have since developed into an international standard so that all mountaineers are sharing and speaking the same “language” when it comes to rating equipment. There are handy conversions online to help you convert to Fahrenheit and feet and Google has a shortcut you can use directly from their search engine.

    q: Can you give me a rough estimate of what different boots are rated for?

    a:

    Sure, we can but it will be very rough and you should thoroughly research every boot you consider. Check out our “Comfort” criteria above for a few tips.

    Sources